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Little Egret Egretta garzetta garzetta   - Foraging behaviour
Little Egret
Photographer : © Amar-Singh HSS
Location :Malim Nawar Wetlands, Perak, Malaysia
Date : 25 April 2019
English synonyms:Lesser Egret, Spotless Egret, Black-footed Egret (nigripes)
Bird Family :Ardeidae - Egrets, Herons & Bitterns
Bird Group :CICONIIFORMES
Red Data Status :Least Concern
Remarks :The Little Egret has a number of foraging techniques for catching fish prey. These include:
1. A common technique is to wait patiently by the shallow end of a pond to pick out smaller fish.
2. When opportunity offers itself, the bird will perch on overhanging wires or metal/wooden protrusions in the water as a perch to feed from. This often can be seen at sewage oxidation ponds.
3. Opportunistic feeding occurs when large fish ponds are drained and there is fish in shallow waters to take at ease.
4. When fish farming ponds are not well tended, toxins can develop (an anaerobic layer at the bottom) or leech into the water (after heavy rain); when this happens fish tend to swim at the surface (indebt to Lee Chiu San for this insight). Many herons and egrets take advantage of this, including the Little Egret. They hover or skim over the surface of the pond, with legs trailing in the water to catch prey. Many successful dive in to obtain prey. Occasionally some will float on the surface to get prey.
5. On this occasion I saw a few Little Egrets using Water Buffalos (Bubalus bubalis) as a platform to fish in deeper waters. The weather was extremely hot and the Water Buffalos were not content to use just mud pools but soaked for long periods in deeper clear fish farming ponds. The Little Egrets would perch on their back and fish from there with a good success rate (see this image). The Water Buffalos did not appear distressed in being used in this way.
-Amar
Taxonomic Notes :
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