Monotypic species endemic to China. Note that this species was previously regarded as a warbler in the family Cisticolidae but has been moved to the babblers Timaliidae.
The form albosuperciliaris which was previously regarded as a subspecies is now treated as a full species with the name Tarim Babbler Rhopophilus albosuperciliaris.
Leader, P.J., Carey G.J. & Holt, P.I. (2013) Species limits within Rhopophilus pekinensis. Forktail 29: 31-36.